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发表于 2014-2-28 18:59:19 | 查看: 19| 回复: 0
摘要: 水果类(fruits):西红柿tomato;菠萝pineapple;西瓜watermelon;香蕉banana;柚子shaddock(pomelo);橙子orange;苹果apple;柠檬lemon;樱桃cherry;桃子peach;梨pear;枣Chinesedate(去核枣pitteddate)

正文:



水果类(fruits):

西红柿tomato;菠萝pineapple;西瓜watermelon;香蕉banana;柚子shaddock(pomelo);橙子orange;苹果apple;柠檬lemon;樱桃cherry;桃子peach;梨pear;枣Chinesedate(去核枣pitteddate);椰子coconut;草莓strawberry;树莓raspberry;蓝莓blueberry;黑莓blackberry;葡萄grape;甘蔗sugarcane;芒果mango;木瓜pawpaw或者papaya;杏子apricot;油桃nectarine;柿子persimmon;石榴pomegranate;榴莲jackfruit;槟榔果arecanut;西班牙产苦橙bitterorange;猕猴桃kiwifruitorChinesegooseberry;金橘cumquat;蟠桃flatpeach;荔枝litchi;青梅greengage;山楂果haw;水蜜桃honeypeach;香瓜、甜瓜muskmelon;李子plum;杨梅waxberryredbayberry;桂圆longan;沙果crabapple;杨桃starfruit;枇杷loquat;柑橘tangerine;莲雾wax-apple;番石榴guava

肉、蔬菜类(livestock家畜):

南瓜(倭瓜)pumpkincushaw;甜玉米Sweetcorn;牛肉beef;猪肉pork;羊肉mutton;羔羊肉lamb;鸡肉chicken;生菜、莴苣lettuce;白菜Chinesecabbage(celerycabbage);甘蓝、卷心菜cabbage;萝卜radish;胡萝卜carrot;韭菜leek;木耳agarics;豌豆pea;马铃薯(土豆)potato;黄瓜cucumber;苦瓜balsampear;秋葵okra;洋葱onion;芹菜celery;芹菜杆celerysticks;地瓜sweetpotato;蘑菇mushroom;橄榄olive;菠菜spinach;冬瓜(Chinese)waxgourd;莲藕lotusroot;紫菜laver;油菜colerape;茄子eggplant;香菜caraway;枇杷loquat;青椒greenpepper;四季豆、青刀豆gardenbean;银耳silveryfungi;腱子肉tendon;肘子porkjoint;茴香fennel(茴香油fenneloil药用);鲤鱼carp;咸猪肉bacon;金针蘑needlemushroom;扁豆lentil;槟榔areca;牛蒡greatburdock;水萝卜summerradish;竹笋bambooshoot;艾蒿Chinesemugwort;绿豆mungbean;毛豆greensoybean;瘦肉leanmeat;肥肉speck;黄花菜daylily(daylilybud);豆芽菜beansprout;丝瓜towelgourd(注:在美国丝瓜或用来做丝瓜茎loofah洗澡的,不是食用的)

海鲜类(seafood):

虾仁PeeledPrawns;龙虾lobster;小龙虾crayfish;蟹crab;蟹足crabclaws;小虾shrimp;对虾、大虾prawn;(烤)鱿鱼(toast)squid;海参seacucumber;扇贝scallop;鲍鱼sea-earabalone;小贝肉cockles;牡蛎oyster;鱼鳞scale;海蜇jellyfish;鳖、海龟turtle;蚬、蛤clam;鲅鱼culter;鲳鱼butterfish;虾籽shrimpegg;鲢鱼、银鲤鱼chubsilvercarp;黄花鱼yellowcroaker

调料类(seasonings):

醋vinegar酱油soy盐salt加碘盐iodizedsalt糖sugar白糖refinedsugar酱soysauce沙拉salad辣椒hot(red)pepper胡椒(black)pepper花椒wildpepperChinesepricklyashpowder色拉油saladoil调料fixingsauceseasoning砂糖granulatedsugar红糖brownsugar冰糖RockSugar芝麻Sesame芝麻酱Sesamepaste芝麻油Sesameoil咖喱粉curry番茄酱(汁)ketchupredeye辣根horseradish葱shallot(Springonions)姜ginger蒜garlic料酒cookingwine蚝油oystersauce枸杞(枇杷,欧查果)medlar八角aniseed酵母粉yeastbarm  Yellowpepper黄椒肉桂cinnamon(在美国十分受欢迎,很多事物都有肉桂料)黄油butter香草精vanillaextract(甜点必备)面粉flour洋葱onion

主食类(staplefood):

三文治sandwich米饭rice粥congee(ricesoup)汤soup饺子dumpling面条noodle比萨饼pizza方便面instantnoodle香肠sausage面包bread黄油(白塔油)butter茶叶蛋Teaeggs油菜rape饼干cookies咸菜(泡菜)pickle馒头steamedbread饼(蛋糕)cake汉堡hamburger火腿ham奶酪cheese馄饨皮wontonskin高筋面粉Strongflour小麦wheat大麦barley青稞highlandbarley高粱broomcorn(kaoliang)春卷Springrolls 芋头Taro

山药yam鱼翅sharkfin黄花daylily松花蛋皮蛋preservedeggs春卷springroll肉馅饼mincedpie糙米Brownrice玉米corn馅儿stuffing开胃菜appetizer面粉flour燕麦oat白薯甘薯sweetpotato牛排steak里脊肉fillet凉粉beanjelly糯米江米stickyrice燕窝bird'snest粟Chinesecorn肉丸子meatballs枳橙citrange点心(中式)dimsum淀粉starch蛋挞eggtart

(dryfruits)干果类:

腰果Cashewnuts花生peanut无花果fig榛子filberthazel栗子chestnut核桃walnut杏仁almond果脯preservedfruit芋头taro葡萄干raisincordial开心果pistachion巴西果brazilnut菱角,荸荠waterchestnut(和国内食用法不同,做坚果食用)

酒水类(beverage):

红酒redwine白酒whitewine白兰地brandy葡萄酒sherry汽水(软饮料)soda(盐)汽水sparklingwater果汁juice冰棒Ice-lolly啤酒beer酸奶yoghurt伏特加酒vodka鸡尾酒cocktail豆奶soymilk豆浆soybeanmilk七喜7UP麒麟(日本啤酒kirin)凉开水coldboiledwater汉斯啤酒Hansbeer浓缩果汁concentratedjuice冰镇啤酒iced(chilled)beer札幌(日本啤酒)Sapporo爱尔啤酒(美国)aleA级牛奶grandAmilk班图酒bantubeer半干雪利drysark参水牛奶bluemilk日本粗茶bancha生啤酒draftbeer白啤酒whitebeer<苏格兰>大麦酒barley-bree咖啡伴侣coffeemate

零食类(snack):

mint薄荷糖cracker饼干,biscuit饼干,棒棒糖bonbon茶tea(沏茶makethetea)话梅prunecandiedplum锅巴ricecrust瓜子melonseed冰棒(冰果)ice(frozen)sucker冰淇凌icecream防腐剂preservative圣代冰淇淋sundae巧克力豆marblechocolatebarley布丁pudding

与食品有关的词语(somewordsaboutfood):

炸fired炝quickboiled烩braise(烩牛舌braisedoxtongue)烤roast饱嗝burp饱了饱的fullstuffed解渴quenchthirst(形容食物变坏spoilspoilage)preservative防腐剂expirationdate产品有效期(形容酒品好:agoodstrongbrew绝味酿)

应各位要求补充的中式西式食物

中式早:
烧饼 Clayovenrolls油条 Friedbreadstick韭菜盒 Friedleekdumplings

水饺Boileddumplings蒸饺 Steameddumplings馒头 Steamedbuns

割包 Steamedsandwich饭团 Riceandvegetableroll
蛋饼 Eggcakes皮蛋 100-yearegg咸鸭蛋 Saltedduckegg

豆浆 Soybeanmilk
饭类:
稀饭  Riceporridge白饭 Plainwhiterice油饭Glutinousoilrice

糯米饭 Glutinousrice卤肉饭 Braisedporkrice蛋炒饭 Friedricewithegg

地瓜粥 Sweetpotatocongee
面类:
馄饨面Wonton&noodles刀削面Slicednoodles麻辣面Spicyhotnoodles

麻酱面 Sesamepastenoodles肉面Duckwithnoodles面Eelnoodles

乌龙面 Seafoodnoodles榨菜肉丝面 Pork,pickledmustardgreennoodles

牡蛎细面 Oysterthinnoodles板条 Flatnoodles米粉Ricenoodles

炒米粉 Friedricenoodles冬粉Greenbeannoodle 
汤类:
鱼丸汤 Fishballsoup丸汤 Meatballsoup蛋花汤 Egg&vegetablesoup蛤蜊汤 Clamssoup牡蛎汤 Oystersoup紫菜汤 Seaweedsoup酸辣汤 Sweet&soursoup馄饨汤 Wontonsoup猪肠汤 Porkintestinesoup肉羹汤 Porkthicksoup鱿鱼汤Squidsoup花枝羹 Squidthicksoup
中餐:
bear'spaw熊掌*ofdeer鹿脯beche-de-mer;seacucumber海参

seasturgeon海鳝saltedjellyfish海蜇皮kelp,seaweed海带abalone鲍鱼sharkfin鱼翅scallops干贝lobster龙虾bird'snest燕窝roastsucklingpig考乳猪

pig'sknuckle猪脚boiledsaltedduck盐水鸭preservedmeat

腊肉barbecuedpork叉烧sausage香肠friedporkflakes肉松BAR-B-Q烤肉
meatdiet荤菜vegetables素菜meatbroth肉羹localdish地方菜Cantonesecuisine广东菜setmeal客饭curryrice咖喱饭

friedrice炒饭plainrice白饭crispyrice锅巴
gruel,softrice,porridge粥noodleswithgravy打卤面

plainnoodle阳春面casserole砂锅chafingdish,firepot火锅meatbun肉包子

shao-mai烧麦preservedbeancurd腐乳beancurd豆腐
fermentedblankbean豆豉pickledcucumbers酱瓜

preservedegg皮蛋saltedduckegg咸鸭蛋driedturnip萝卜干
西餐与日本料理:
menu菜单Frenchcuisine法国菜today'sspecial今日特餐chef'sspecial主厨特餐buffet自助餐fastfood快餐specialty招牌菜continentalcuisine欧式西餐aperitif饭前酒dimsum点心Frenchfires炸薯条bakedpotato烘马铃薯mashedpotatoes马铃薯泥omelette简蛋卷pudding布丁pastries甜点pickledvegetables泡菜kimchi韩国泡菜crabmeat蟹肉prawn明虾conch海螺escargots田螺braisedbeef炖牛肉bacon熏肉poachedegg荷包蛋sunnysideup煎一面荷包蛋over煎两面荷包蛋friedegg煎蛋

overeasy煎半熟蛋overhard煎全熟蛋scrambleeggs炒蛋
boiledegg煮蛋stonefirepot石头火锅sashi日本竹筷sake日本米酒

misoshiru味噌汤roastmeat铁板烤肉sashimi生鱼片butter奶油

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